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东北大学20秋学期《大学英语(二)》在线平时作业3【标准答案】

发布时间:2020-12-01 07:41:16来源admin阅读数(33)

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单选题 完型填空 阅读理解
一、单选题
共25题,50分
 
1
2分
 
The marriage on the basis of money is _____to break up.
Abound
Bapparent
Cobvious
Dkeen
2
2分
 
The supermarket managed to            its sales by cutting the price of their products.
Aboost
Brelease
Cget
Dlose
3
2分
 
Where _____ cotton ______?
 
 
 
Aare,produced
Bare,grown
Cis,grown
Dare made in
4
2分
 
-- Hi, Lucy. We won the match yesterday. --_________!
 
ACongratulations
BExcuse me
CNo problem
DNever mind
5
2分
 
There ________ great changes in computers in the last few years.
 
A
have had
 
B
have
 
C
have been
 
D
has been
 
6
2分
 
My sister’s professor had her _______ paper many times before allowing her to present it to the committee.
Arewritten
Bto rewrite
Crewrite
Drewriitng
7
2分
 
He _________ harder this year than last year.
 
Astudy
Bstudies
Cwas studying
Dstudied
8
2分
 
________ wonderful music it is! I like it very much.
 
AWhat
BHow a
CWhat a
DHow
9
2分
 
Never before _______ see such a terrible car accident on the road!
AI have
Bhave I
CI did
D
did I
 
10
2分
 
The elderly lady passed ______ peacefully in her sleep last night.
Aaway
Bon
Cby
Dover
11
2分
 
How does she manage to keep her ________ when she eats so much?
Afigure
Bstate
Cline
Dbody
12
2分
 
Tom, what did you do with my documents? I have never seen such a ______ and disorder!
Amess
Bmass
Cguess
D
crash
 
13
2分
 
 The dinosaur’s eggs are found by explorers in the _______
 
A1920s
B1920's
C1920s'
D1920'
14
2分
 
He asked me , but I didn't know _________.
 
  
 
Ahow to tell
Bwhat to speak
Cto say what
Dwhat to say
15
2分
 
I did not have           time to finish all the questions in the exam.
Agood
Bright
C/
Dadequate
16
2分
 
The prisoner’s fate rests_____ them.
Aon
Bfor
Cto
Dwith
17
2分
 
You can take a _____ calculator with you in the exam.
Aelectric
Belectrical
Celectronic
Delectrified
18
2分
 
The great profits they got is mainly          to their new program.
Aaim
Bdue
Ccause
Dsuppose
19
2分
 
When Lily came home at 5 p.m. yesterday, her mother ______ dinner in the kitchen.
Acooked
Bwas cooking
Ccooks
Dhas cooked
20
2分
 
 ________ he was very ill, he still went on working..
 
ABecause
BFor
CThough
D/
21
2分
 
30,000 dollars is a large amount of money, but it’s _______ than we need.
 
 
 
Afar more
Bvery much
Cfar less
Dvery little
22
2分
 
She picked _____ French when she lived in France.
Aon
Bover
Cup
Dout
23
2分
 
We found ________ necessary to protect the environment.
 
Ait
Bthis
Cthat
Dwhat
24
2分
 
- Wow! This is a marvelous room! I've never known you're so artistic.
 
 
 
- ______
 
.
 
 
 
A
Great, I am very art-conscious.
 
 
B
Don't mention it.
 
 
C
Thanks for your compliments.
 
 
DIt's fine.
25
2分
 
Much of the day was ______ with classes or study.
Aturned up
Btaken up
Chung up
Dbrought up
二、完型填空
共2题,30分
 
1
15分
 
Do you know how to study
1
 and make your study more effective (
 
有效的
)?
 
 
We all know that Chinese students usually study very hard for long
 
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2
, This is very good ,but it doesn’t
3
a lot, for an effective student must have enough sleep, enough food and enough rest and
4
. Every day you need to go out for a walk or visit some friends or some nice places. It’s good for your
5
.
 
 
 
When you return
6
your studies, your mind will be refreshed(
 
清醒
) and you’ll learn more
7
study better. Psychologists (
 
心理学家
)
 
 
8
 that learning takes place this way. Here take English learning
9
 an example. First you make a lot of progress and you feel happy. Then your language study seems
10
 the same. So you will think you’re learning
11
 and you may give up. This can last for days or even weeks, yet you
12
 give up, and at some point your language study will again take another big
13
. You’ll see that you really have been learning all along. If you get enough sleep, food, rest and exercise, studying English can be very effective and
14
 . Don’t give up along the way. Learn
15
 you are sure to get a good result
 
.
 
 
 
1、
Anice
Bgood
Cbetter
Dbest
2、
Adays     
Btime
Chours    
Dweeks
3、
Ahelp     
Bgive    
Cmake    
Dtake
4、
Aexercise
Bhomework
Crunning
Dclothes
5、
Ahealth
Bbody
Cstudy
Dlife
6、
Aafter     
Bfor     
Cat        
Dto
7、
Ayet      
Band     
Cor       
Dbut
8、
Ahave found
Bhave taught
Ctold    
Dsaid
9、
Awith     
Bfor    
Cas      
Dto
10、
Ato have   
Bto make
Cto take
D
to stay
 
 
 
11、
Asomething  
Banything   
Cnothing  
Deverything
12、
Amustn’t
Bcouldn’t
Cneedn’t
Dmay not
13、
Awork      
Bjump      
Cwalk    
Dresult
14、
Ahard      
Bcommon    
Cpossible  
Dinteresting
15、
A
loudly
 
Bfast
Cquickly
Dhappily
2
15分
 
“Where is the university
 
?” This is a question that many visitors to Cambridge
 
(剑桥)
ask. But no one can give them a
1
 answer, for there is no wall to be found _
2
_ the university. The university is the city. You can find classroom buildings,
3
, museums and offices of the university all over the city. And most of
4
 members are the students and
5
 of the thirty-one colleges
 
.
 
 
 
  
Cambridge was already a
6
 town long before the first students and teachers arrived 800 years
7
. It grew up by the river Granta, and the river was once _
8
_the Cam. A
9
 was built over the river as early as 875.
10
 the town got its name "Cambridge".
 
 
 
  
In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries more and
11
 land was used for college buildings. The town grew much
12
 in the nineteenth century after the opening of the railway in 1845. Cambridge became a
13
 in 1951 and now it has a population of over 100, 000. Many young students in
14
 countries
15
 to study at Cambridge. Thousands of people from all over the world come to visit the university town. It has become a famous place all around the world.
 
 
 
1、
Aclean
Bclear
C right
D
real
 
 
 
2、
A around
B in
Cnear
Dby
3、
Acinemas
Bparks
Czoos
Dlibraries
4、
Atheir
Bhis
Cits
Dmy
5、
Aparents
Bfarmers
Cworkers
Dteachers
6、
Ainteresting
B usual
Cdeveloping
Dcommon
7、
Abefore
Bago
Clater
Dafter
8、
A said
Bcalled
Cspoken
Dtalked
9、
Abridge
Bbuilding
Cstation
D house
10、
ABecause
BBut
CAnd
DSo
11、
Aless
Bfewer
Cmore
Dbigger
12、
Asmaller
Bslower    
Cfaster
Dcleaner
13、
A city
Bcollege    
C university
D country
14、
Aanother
Bother
Cthe other
Dothers
15、
Astop
Bhate
Chope
Dneed
三、阅读理解
共4题,20分
 
1
5分
 
     Do you still remember the terrible earthquake in 2008 in Sichuan, which killed at least 87,000 people and left millions homeless? On the twelfth day after the earthquake, Premier Wen Jiabao said, “A new Wenchuan will rise from the ruins(废墟).” Now his words have come true. Three years has passed and the worst-hit areas in Sichuan have risen from the ruins.
 
     So far, 95% of the reconstruction projects(重建项目)have been completed. Nearly 3,000 schools, 1,000 hospitals and more than 5 million homes have been built. Now everyone has been provided with a home, a job and social security(社保).
 
     Dong Xinjun, a villager in Qingchuan, said volunteers from Zhejiang taught him how to grow mushrooms and now he makes about 3,000 yuan more than before every year.
 
     Zhu Lihu, the headmaster of a village primary school in Qingchuan, told us that teaching equipment had been greatly improved. Now they have new classrooms, a library and a computer room with 20 computers.
 
     On May 8th, 2011, Premier Wen Jiabao made his 10th visit to Sichuan Province after the earthquake. He visited a lot of middle schools and neighborhoods. At Beichuan Middle School, Premier Wen embraced a student named Zheng Haiyang, who lost both of his legs in the earthquake. The students told Premier Wen that their new school was very beautiful. And they would never forget that it was built with the hearts and strength of people across the whole country.
 
     Premier Wen believes that the people in Wenchuan have a “strong will” and a “bright future”. They will never back down, but stand bravely on this land.
 
1、What is NOT provided for everyone in the earthquake-hit areas?
A
A home.
 
B
A job.
 
C
A computer.
 
D
 Social security.
 
2、Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A
Nearly 1,000 schools have been built.
 
B
Dong Xinjun makes about 3,000 yuan every year.
 
C
Zhu Lihu’s new school has a new large gym.
 
D
Zheng Haiyang is a student of Beichuan Middle School.
 
3、How many times has Premier Wen visited Sichuan since the earthquake happened?
A
5 times.
 
B
8 times.
 
C
10 times.
 
D
12 times.
 
4、What does the underlined word “embraced” mean in Paragraph 5?
A
Put arms around him in a loving way.
B
Shook hands with him in a friendly way.
 
C
Bowed to him in a very polite way.
 
D
Smiled at him in a very kind way.
 
5、How does the passage show us “Wenchuan has risen from the ruins”?
A
By giving facts and examples.
 
B
By comparing different places.
 
C
By describing people’s looks.
 
D
By using volunteers’ words.
 
2
5分
 
Pearl and June were good friends and spent most of their time together.
 
They were both very old and they worried about their health. Most of the time they talked about nothing else.
 
They worried about their food. Was it clean? Would it give them pains in the stomach?
 
They worried about the weather. Was it too cold and wet? Would it give them pains in their bones?
 
They worried about pollution in the air. Would it give them pains in their chests and throats?
 
They worried about being hurt in a car accident, killed in a plane crash, getting sick, and so on.
 
All they could think about was being ill or hurt.
 
One day they went on a train journey together.
 
“We’ll need some food,”Pearl said.
 
“We’ll buy some bananas,”June said.“They are good to eat and always clean.”
 
And so they bought two bananas to eat on the train.
 
It was not long before they were hungry.
 
Pearl took out the bananas and gave one to June. Then she peeled(剥)the skin of her banana and took a large bite of it.
 
At that moment the train went into a tunnel. Everything went black.“Don’t eat your banana,”Pearl shouted at June.“Mine has made me go blind!”
 
1、What did the two old ladies talk about most of the time?
A
Themselves
 
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B
Other people
 
 
C
Healthy food
 
 
D
Dangerous drivers
 
 
2、The old ladies didn’t want to ________.
A
eat any bananas
 
 
 
B
travel by train
 
 
 
C
be young again
 
 
 
D
get sick
 
 
3、Pearl ate her banana _______.
A
after they came out of the tunnel
 
 
 
B
at the station
 
 
C
before June ate hers
 
 
 
D
before she was hungry
 
 
4、Pearl thought that the banana ________.
A
stopped her from seeing
 
 
 
B
would make her hungry
 
 
C
would be good for June
 
 
 
 
  
D
would make her ill
 
  
 
5、What’s the best title of the story?
A
What Good Friends
 
  
 
B
What a Bad Train Journey
 
 
C
Bananas Are Good for You
 
 
D
Bananas Are Bad for You
 
3
5分
 
Two students started quarreling at school. One student shouted dirty words at the other, and a fight began.
 
What can be done to stop fights like this at school? In some schools, disputants(争执者) sit down with peer mediators (同龄调解者). Peer mediators are usually students with special training in this kind of problems.
 
Peer mediators help disputants to talk in a friendly way. Here are some of the ways they use.
 
1. Express what you think clearly but don't say anything to hurt the other. Begin with "I feel" instead of "You always".
 
2. Listen carefully to what the other person is saying. Don't stop the other person's words.
 
3. Keep looking at the other person's eyes when he or she speaks.
 
4. Try to see the problems on the other person's side.
 
5. Never put anyone down. Saying things like "You are foolish " makes the talk difficult.
 
6. Try to find a result that makes both people happy.
 
Peer mediators never decide on the winner. They don't decide who is right or who is wrong. Instead they help disputants to find their own "win-win" result. A "win-win" result can make everyone feel good.
 
Peer mediators' work is often successful just because it gets disputants to talk to each other. And getting disputants to talk to each other is the first step in finding a "win-win" result.
 
1、Peer mediators' work is _.
A
to teach lessons to disputants
 
 
B
to help find a way to make both disputants happy
 
 
C
to find out who starts the quarrel
 
 
D
to give students some special training
 
 
2、What does the underlined phrase "put anyone down" mean in Chinese?
A
贬低任何人
 
B
落后于任何人
 
C
奉承任何人
 
 
 
D
向任何人低头
 
 
3、What's the first step in finding a "win-win" result?
A
Letting disputants be afraid of peer mediators.
 
 
B
Letting disputants feel peer mediators are kind.
 
 
C
Getting disputants to talk to each other.
 
 
D
Making disputants feel good by telling funny stories.
 
 
4、During the talk, if peer mediators say "You are a fool.",_________ .
A
disputants will realize they are wrong
 
 
B
disputants will understand peer mediators better
 
 
C
it is easy for peer mediators to decide who is right
 
 
D
 it is hard for peer mediators to get a "win-win" result
 
 
5、Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A
 All schools have peer mediators.
 
 
B
Peer mediators are usually students.
 
 
C
When disputants are speaking, peer mediators can stop their words at any time.
 
 
D
Peer mediators can make disputants get a "win-win" result every time.
 
 
4
5分
 
Do you have any foreign friends? Do you know their characteristics(特征)?
 
The Germans are very quiet and they always keep calm. They don’t like to speak more words. They look very serious. They like different kinds of amusements. The Germans are very hard—working. They like tidiness, especially the women, who always keep their home clean.
 
In some ways, the Englishmen look the same as the Germans. They are very quiet and never talk too much with the strangers. They are really polite, so we often hear they say “Thank you.” Or “Sorry.” The gentlemen are also the Englishmen.
 
The Frenchmen’s holidays are very long. They like traveling and usually spend their long time staying in other countries. The Frenchmen are more outgoing than the Germans. It is very easy to make friends with them.
 
Compared to the Frenchmen, the Americans are more outgoing. And they are even opener than all of the Europeans. They don’t like to depend on others. So it is very common that the students do part-time jobs in their free time. And in Americans’ eyes, success is an important part in their life.
 
1、According to the passage, ______are very quiet.
A
only the Germans
 
B
only the Englishmen
 
C
only the Frenchmen
 
D
 both the Germans and the Englishmen
 
2、What does the underlined word “tidiness” mean in Chinese?
A
整洁
 
B安静
C时尚
D随意
3、In the writer’s eyes, the gentlemen are______.
A
the Germans
 
B
the Frenchmen
 
C
the Englishmen
 
D
the Americans
 
4、What can we learn about the Frenchmen from the passage?
A
They are more outgoing than the Americans.
 
B
It is very easy to make friends with them.
 
C
 They like traveling in their own country.
 
D
They look serious and are always hard-working.
 
5、Which is the best title of the passage?
A
Foreigners’ hobbies.
 
B
Who are more outgoing?
 
C
Characteristics of the foreigners.
 
D
Success is an important part in Americans’ life.
 
 

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